José Clemente Orozco
(1883 – 1949)
José Clemente Orozco was born on November 23, 1883, in Cuidad Guzman, located in the Mexican state of Jalisco. Orozco initially began studying architecture but in 1909 transitioned his studies to painting, drawing and printmaking. He studied at the Agricultural School of San Jacinto, The National University and the San Carlos Academy of Art. Later on, Orozco became one of the leaders of the “Syndicate of Painters and Sculptors” with painters Diego Rivera and David Siquieros. All three artists, as well as the painter Rufino Tamayo, experimented with frescos on large walls in the public realm. The group played an essential role in the revival of Mexican mural painting and the development of modern art in Mexico. They were extremely fascinated in turning murals into political statements mostly supporting the Mexican revolution and portraying the overpowering elements of Capitalism in the 20th century.
Orozco was not as fascinated by machines and the industrial era as Rivera he instead focused more on human suffering and elements of power. Orozco painted murals throughout Mexico in Mexico City, Orizaba, Guadalajara, Jalisto, Jiquilpan, Michoácan and in the U.S. in Claremont, California, New York City and Hanover, New Hampshire.